Barbara Rosenwein, A Short History of the Middle Ages 4th edition (University of Toronto, 2014). If you are unable to obtain the fourth edition, go ahead and get the fifth edition, but let us know. ISBN:9781442608023. Gene Brucker (Editor), Julia Martines (Translator), Two Memoirs of Renaissance Florence: The Diaries of Buonaccorso Pitti and Gregorio Dati.
If the territorial expansion, cultural accomplishments, and administrative innovations of the Frankish Kingdom during the Carolingian period, particularly during Charlemagne’s, were ultimately temporary, why was his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor such a significant event? Explain with examples from the lectures and the textbook. No outside research or material is permitted.