Mini Case Analysis 2
The objective of assignment 2 is to have students act as financial managers in order to make critical management decisions, including performance measurement, valuation, and financing. Students will employ several key learnings from the course in a practical setting.
Description & Case Questions
Vitality Vancouver Inc. (VVI) has recently raised debt capital through long-term financing. The bond indenture includes issuing 8% coupon bonds on the market that are selling at $989, pay interest semi-annually, and mature in fifteen years. The company would like to issue additional $1 million in new fifteen-year bonds. VVI has another bond issue outstanding that pays a 7.5% coupon and matures in 14 years. The bond has a par value of $1,000 and a market price of $942.90. Interest is paid semiannually.
The company evaluates the potential of issuing a third bond that pays an annual coupon of $35, has a face value of $1,000, matures in seven years, and has a yield to maturity of 8%. As a result of the recent financing, the CFO of the company is concerned about protective covenants that could hamper the future risk-taking ability of the firm. In particular, the bondholders reserve the right to force the repayment of the bonds prior to the maturity. VVI is also experiencing rapid growth. Dividends are expected to grow at 20% per year during the next three years, 10% over the following year, and then 4% per year indefinitely. The required return on this stock is 10%.
The company is also considering the prospect to issue some preferred stock to alter the capital structure of the firm. It is however unsure about the main characteristics of the preferred stock which could cause some dilution to the existing capital structure due to similarity with another instrument. The CFO is also preparing for a meeting with the Board of Directors next week. While giving the final touches to the quarterly results, he realizes the board is likely to focus on the potential of dividend distribution to various classes of shareholders. The CFO has additionally prepared some notes regarding the voting structure of those classes of stocks. The company plans to improve the profitability and stock price related ratios because of the recent changes in the capital structure.
What coupon rate should be applied to the new bonds if VVI wants to sell them at par? (Use values in the dollar)
What is the yield to maturity on a 14-year bond?
What should be the price of the third bond being considered for an issue?
What is the projected stock price for the coming year, if VVI just paid a $2 dividend?
Assuming VVI’s stock is currently selling for $51, the expected dividend one year from now is $1.50 and the required return is 10, what is the firm’s dividend growth rate?
How would issuing the preferred stock affect the capital structure of the firm in comparison to the common stock?
Why is the dividend distribution and voting structure a matter of interest to the Vitality’s board?
What recommendations would you make in improving the financial prospect of the company especially with respect to the relevant ratios?
Evaluation and Feedback
Integration of relevant financial concepts
Spelling, grammar and citation